‘Islamic aesthetics’ by Azril Mohd Amin

Islamic aesthetics

April 24, 2010

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One well-known Hadith states, “Allah is beautiful, therefore Allah loves beauty”. [Muslim]

I can clearly recall a very interesting lunch conversation on the topic of ‘Islamic aesthetics’, a research of which has been opened up by Dr. Sulaiman Dufford in his PhD research for Universiti Putra Malaysia. Dr. Dufford points out that the majority of Muslims who convert from other religions are first and most powerfully attracted to Islam by aesthetic factors. I have read his recently translated book, “Liku-liku Pencarian Nur Islam” (now available at MPH Bookstores) which touches upon a number of aesthetic elements in the way Islam presents itself to outsiders. The first aesthetic miracle for the convert is, of course, the call to prayer or azan.

As we also know from Hadith in both Bukhari and Muslim, the “dreams of the true believers” are the last surviving remnant of the Prophet Muhammad’s own ‘wahy’ or revelation. This Azan was revealed in a dream to Abdullah bin Zaid (r.a), one of the Prophet’s companions, and has come down to us all these generations in complete purity.

What identifies the potential convert immediately is the feeling that the Azan creates an urge to respond, to DO something. Later, these converts learn to pray in a way unknown in previous religions. Those who only pass it by, as it were, do not convert.

Even before hearing an exquisite Azan (although all are not, sadly, that well done), the non-Muslim is often strongly impacted by mosque architecture. The genius of the Sultan Sulaiman’s architect, Sinan (himself a convert from Christianity) has moved many a non-Muslim visiting Istanbul, Turkey. Possibly even before seeing Muslim mosques, there is an aesthetic to the social behavior of the good and simple Muslims of the world (not so much, alas, the rich ones) that also may move the potential convert in mysterious new ways. Visitors to Jerusalem may note the simple Palestinians reciting Al Qur’an in their quiet shops.

If these examples of “Keindahan Allah” (Allah’s Beauty) are valid and important in today’s world, what, then, should be our response as Muslims to the aesthetic element of our beloved religion?

In the first place, we must be CAREFUL. Aside from guarding the pure beauty of our women, we must pay much closer attention to our prayer calls, for example. The Azan should always be live, not some endlessly repeated tape. And not anyone should give the call. Those who cannot do it well must be gently discouraged from grabbing the microphone at prayer time. As expressed by yet another convert, sometimes the calls he heard only made him want to run into the nearest closet!

We Muslims have an incomprehensible tendency to ‘habituate’ to Qur’anic recitations. How much chatting goes on during our recitation competitions? Why do we nowadays dispense with opening so many of our classes or public sessions with Al Qur’an? Or limiting such recitation to one or two minutes, fearing that the attention of the Muslims will quickly stray?

Why do we utterly disregard the beauty of our recitations by calling for ‘silent repetitions’ of Surah Al Asr, for example, in the Christian manner of calling for ‘a moment of silent prayer’? Why would we ever want to imitate Christians in this way, those people who possess neither the Qur’an nor the Solah itself?

Why do our so-called ‘Islamic radio stations’ imitate the West with bouncy, rap-like station identifications and slogans? Why do such stations often introduce their own Azans with different types of music? Why do they end their broadcast Qur’anic readings with a taped ‘Sadaq Allahu AlAzhim’ that is completely out of tune with the preceding recitation, and may even be a bit ugly? Such conclusion should be given LIVE by the studio announcers, not via some push-button tape.

Dr. Dufford is calling us to pay more attention to our ‘aesthetic sensibilities’. It is aesthetics that ‘sells’ our religion, not ‘jihad’. It is aesthetics that smoothes our social behavior, and the voice we must use when speaking with non-Muslims and Muslims alike, even in teaching or debate.

One definition of politeness is ‘social aesthetics’. One definition of covering the women’s ‘aurat’ is ‘gender aesthetics’. Casting our male eyes downwards would be an element of ‘male social aesthetics’. In our religion, the first, aesthetic look at a beautiful woman is free, but not the second, passionate one.

Many of our youth wish to explore the REASONS behind the regulations and habits of our Din, without necessarily challenging them. Perhaps the answers they seek can come through aesthetic explanations, rather than authoritarian, finger-shaking ones. For example, our sisters pray behind us precisely because they are stronger in ignoring us during their prayers, than we are in ignoring them!

We join our beloved children by paying attention to the aesthetics of their play. Indeed, they can teach us much about reviving the use of our Right Brains in this manner, as their Right Brains have been functional since birth, or perhaps even before. On the other hand, we impose our left-brain world upon them during all the years of their education, and then question why they lose their WONDER for the beauties of life, that very WONDER which is enjoined upon Muslims in so many verses throughout Al Qur’an. Modern neurology confirms the Gestalt-oriented, holistic and aesthetic processing of our Right Brains, which are already stronger in our children than they are in us as we age and struggle for economic survival (itself an exclusively left-brain activity).

It is that WONDER which must be sufficiently miracle-sensitive in itself, to prove the faith of the believer without suspending the laws of physics of the Natural Universe. And that WONDER is a purely aesthetic perception, which is why we must develop and refine our aesthetic sensibilities in all aspects of our daily lives, both within and outside of our mosques.

Islamic aesthetics is therefore the ‘Royal Road’, the background and context, the ‘template’, as it were, for our Ibadah, our Iman, our Ihsan, our Da’wah, and our sincerest aspirations to regain our lost Islamic civilization. May Allah swt continuously refine our aesthetic sensibility to perceive and wonder at His Creation, beginning with our own selves and the created universe in which we live, AMIN.

Apa itu ‘Nik Aziz’? oleh Azeeza Abdullah

Saturday, July 03, 2010

APA itu Nik Aziz??!!!

Terlalu banyak artikel dan perbincangan di blogsphere mempersoalkan siapa itu Nik Aziz … Kali ini saya secara peribadi ingin persoalkan APA itu Nik Aziz kerana kebelakangan ini terlalu banyak tindak-tanduknya dan percakapannya tidak mencerminkan seorang Islam sebenar sehingga mampu memecahbelahkan umat Islam…

Berikut adalah serba sedikit sejarah NikAziz yang dipetik daripada comment>> Facebook :

Komen AKAM….mengenai nik ajis… selalu mengamalkan sunnah Rasulullahsaw… dari mula… mengingatkan kita tentang dosa dan pahala….

Mari kita lihat bagaimana pendirian nik ajis didalam pentadbiran yang sebenar telah mengelirukan Ummah dengan kenyataan kenyataan serta dakyah dakyah yang berbaur wahabi dan kawarij yang jelas banyak mengelirukan rakyat malaysia. terutama ahli PAS khasnya..


Sedikit sejarah pendidikan nik ajis untuk renungan:
Nik Aziz adalah seorang pelajar dalam bidang tafsir dan usuludin di sebuah pondok di Hyderabab. Pondok tersebut letaknya di Deo Band yang mana adalah dipengaruhi fahaman Wahabi. Fahaman Wahabi ini adalah adik kepada Khawarij yang mempunyai sikap “tidak Sabar”.


Apa itu wahabi dan apakah itu kawarij..

Amalan kaum Wahabi menurut hadith Kaum Wahabi dua kali menguasai Hijaz iaitu 1803-1813 dan dari 1924. Perubahan yang mereka lakukan ialah :

  1. Meruntuhkan kubah / bangunan di atas perkuburan Siti Khadijah di Mualla, makam Saidina Hamzah di Uhud dan lain-lain sahabat di Baqi pada tahun 1803-1924 kerana hadith nabi melarang membuat binaan di atas perkuburan. [1]
  2. Meruntuhkan kubah / bangunan tempat maulud Nabi di Suqal-Lail di Mekah. Suqal Lail ialah tempat lahir Nabi.Wahabi berpandangan semua itu syirik dan membawa kepada penyembaahan berhala.
  3. Melarang orang ziarah makam Nabi dan berdoa meghadap situ, kerana berpendapat semua doa hanya semata-mata kepada Allah.[2]
  4. Melarang mengadakan perayaan pada hari Maulidur Rasul dan Hari Israk Mikraj. Semua ini dianggap puak wahabi sebagai bidaah dan perlu dihapus kerana tidak pernah diamalkan oleh nabi sendiri.
  5. Melarang melagu-lagukan azan sebagaimana dalam hadith [3], terutama menggunakan radio dan pembesar suara.
  6. Melarang membaca qasidah.
  7. Melarang melagu-lagukan al Quran.
  8. Melarang membaca Selawat Nabi, memuji-muji Nabi seperti Burdah dan Berzanji. Semua ini dianggap puak wahabi sebagai bidaah dan perlu dihapus kerana tidak pernah diamalkan oleh nabi sendiri.
  9. Melarang mengaji Sifat 20 seperti yang tertulis dalam kitab Kifayatul Awam , Matan Jauharah as-Sanusi dan sebagainya. Pada Wahabi, tauhid hanya berkisar pada Tauhid Rabbubiyah dan Tauhid Uluhiyah sahaja.[4] Semua ini dianggap puak wahabi sebagai bidaah dan perlu dihapus kerana tidak pernah diamalkan oleh nabi sendiri.

Kenyataan nik ajis tahun 1987 bagi persoalan no 9 (wahabi).. Pada tahun 1987 apabila seorang pemimpinnya, Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat menyatakan sifat 20 Allah SWT direka oleh Greek dan Yunani.



Secara umum, ajaran utama golongan Khawarij adalah:

  1. Kaum muslimin yang melakukan dosa besar adalah kafir (bertentangan dengan pendapat Imam Hasan al-Basri dan golongan Muktazilah).
  2. Kaum muslimin yang terlibat dalam perang Jamal, yakni perang antara Aisyah, Thalhah, dan Zubair melawan Ali ibn Abi Thalib dan orang perantara (termasuk yang menerima dan membenarkannya) adalah kafir.
  3. Khalifah harus dipilih rakyat serta tidak harus dari keturunan Nabi Muhammad SAW dan tidak mesti keturunan Quraisy. Jadi, seorang muslim dari golongan manapun boleh menjadi khalifah jika mampu memimpin dengan baik.

Amalan mengkafirkan orang Islam lain ini dipanggil takfir. Mengikut tafsiran konvensional, hukum bagi mereka yang menjadi kafir (murtad) adalah bunuh. Melalui tafsiran inilah golongan Khawarij menghalalkan darah Ali dan Muawiyah
untuk dibunuh. Pada zaman moden ini, terdapat kumpulan ekstrimis Islam yang mengguna pakai hukum takfir untuk membunuh mereka yang tidak berdosa termasuk orang Islam.


Kenyataan nik ajis bagi persaoalan no 1( kawarij):

“Jika melawan UMNO tiba-tiba meninggal dunia, maka kita dikira mati syahid,” kata Nik Aziz di dalam kuliahnya di masjid Kg Pulau Melaka.

Pada 3 Julai 1999 di Pengkalan Chepa, Nik Aziz berkata,“Terdapat unsur kafir dalam UMNO kerana parti itu menolak Islam dalam pentadbiran negara, UMNO juga ada ciri-ciri kafir.

Kenyataan nik ajis bagi persoalan no 3 (kawarij):

Perarakan itu tidak ada di dalam sunnah Nabi dan ia satu bida’ah amalan turun menurun. Isunya, kalau ia bida’ah, kenapa apabila DAP yang haramkan baru ia dikatakan bida’ah?

Sila jelaskan? ….

Sila jelaskan yang ini juga? ….

‘Orientation week = Ragging’ by Achmed Rauff Abd Rahim

30 June, 2010

Orientation week = Ragging

As a new semester starts in public universities we shall see the future of our nation in the hands of the education system for the next 5 years. But what defines this period is the induction or orientation week held for the first week of the semester. After the freak case involving an RMC student, the government is cautious and is paying extra attention to other public institutions across the country.

So it is proven when only something bad has happened that the authorities will want to take some sort of action. Typical them, poor us. However I must say that this culture of ragging (organized bullying) is so irrelevant since there is no specific standard and is totally up to the seniors to run the show. This has it’s good and bad. One the officials of higher education need not spend time on the program and get on to other tasks. Second, seniors have some fun time to somewhat revenge what happened to them when they were the underlings.

However I think ragging is an essential part of character building. It is something like a boot camp to quickly build mental strength to make it trough the years ahead in varsities. Some kids make it while some do not. Some develop better interpersonal skills while some timid into isolation. In other words there is not a set syllabus or program to properly mold these kids and quantify the success rate of the orientation week.

Then there is the part where sometimes there are seniors that just go overboard. Resorting to physical violence and mental torture which the sole purpose is to humiliate and degrade the poor kids as much as possible. Sometimes even violating basic human rights. My idea is that a standard law of conduct has to be drawn formally by a central body. The ministry of Higher Education should take this to task. Station officers throughout the orientation week in all public and private tertiary institutions just to oversee that everything goes accordingly. But the most importantly it will be a place for the freshies to submit complaints of improper conduct by the seniors during the programme.

The government should consider this as it does address the concern of undergraduates being treated properly and the universities for benchmark their orientation week programme. We would not want to development mentally disturbed youths now do we?